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Agriculture > Spices > Turmeric (Curcuma longa)

Crop Management

Varieties

A number of cultivars are available in the country and are known mostly by the name of locality where they are cultivated.  Some of the popular cultivars are Duggirtala, Tekurpettah, Kodur, Armoor, Sugandham, Amalapuram, Erode local, Alleppey, Moovattupuzha, and Lakadong.  The improved varieties of turmeric and their salient features are given below.

Characteristics of improved turmeric varieties

SI. No.

Variety

Mean yield (fresh) (t/ha)

Crop duration
(days)

Dry recovery
(%)

Curcumin
(%)

Oleoresin
(%)

Essential oil
(%)

1.

Suvarna

17.4

200

20.0

4.3

13.5

7.0

2.

Suguna

29.3

190

12.0

7.3

13.5

6.0

3.

Sudarsana

28.8

190

12.0

5.3

15.0

7.0

4.

IISR Prabha

37.5

195

19.5

6.5

15.0

6.5

5.

IISR Prathibha

39.1

188

18.5

6.2

16.2

6.2

6.

Co-1

35

265

19.5

3.2

6.7

3.2

7.

BSR-1

30.7

285

20.5

4.2

4.0

3.7

8.

Krishna

9.2

240

16.4

2.8

3.8

2.0

9.

Sugandham

15.0

210

23.3

3.1

11.0

2.7

10.

Roma

20.7

250

31.0

9.3

13.2

4.2

11.

Suroma

20.0

255

26.0

9.3

13.1

4.4

12.

Ranga

29.0

250

24.8

6.3

13.5

4.4

13.

Rasmi

31.3

240

23.0

6.4

13.4

4.4

14.

Rajendra Sonia

42.0

225

18.0

8.4

-

5.0

15.

IISR Alleppey Supreme

35.4

210

19.3

6.0

16.0

-

16.

IISR Kedaram

34.5

210

18.9

5.5

13.6

-

17. Sobha
18. Sona
19. Varna
20. Kanthi

Source of planting material

SI. nos. 1 , 2. 3, 4. 5, 1 5 & 1 6: IISR Experimental Farm. Peruvannmuzhi - 673 528, Kozhikode District. Kerala.

SI. nos. 6 and 7: Department of Spices and Plantation Crops, Faculty of Horticulture, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore-641 003, Tamil Nadu.

SI. no. 8 : Maharashtra Agricultural University, Kasba Digraj -416 305, Maharashtra.

SI. no. 9 : Spices Research Station, Gujarat Agricultural University, Jagudan-382 701, Gujarat.

SI. nos. 10, 11, 12 & 13 : High Altitude Research Station, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Pottangi - 764 039, Orissa.

SI. no. 14 : Department of Horticulture, Tirhut College of Agriculture, Rajendra Agricultural University, Dholi-843 121, Bihar.

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