The buffalo is a multipurpose animal. Not only is it a better source of milk than
the cow, it also provides meat and works as a draught animal. Of all the domestic
animals, the Asian buffalo holds the greatest promise and potential for production.
It is well known that the buffalo is remarkable for its feed conversion ability.
The production of buffalo milk in the Asian-Pacific region exceeds 45 million tonnes
annually, of which over 30 million tonnes are produced in India alone. Buffaloes
are labour intensive and cost-effective. They are the most versatile of all work
animals in the variety of tasks, which they can be taught to undertake. All buffalo
breeds have a strong milk/meat entity. When a buffalo is fed well and managed for
early slaughter (at a live weight of 350 to 450 kg), a yield of palatable, high-grade
meat can be obtained at a competitive cost.