Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family
Bovidae. They are raised as livestock for meat (called beef and veal), dairy products
(milk), leather and as draught animals (pulling carts, ploughing etc). The Indian
subcontinent harbours a variety of cattle. Besides many non-descript breeds, there
are 30 well-recognized cattle breeds in India. Majority of these breeds are low
producers of milk; hence they are primarily used for the production of castrated
bulls, which are used in agriculture, carting and transport.
Kerala hasn't had a recognized cattle breed except for Vechur cattle. This breed
is meant for farmers who otherwise would not keep large crossbred cows and cannot
afford sophisticated management practices, but at the same time require milk for
home consumption only. National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR)
has listed Vechur as one of the five breeds with threatened status. The list also
includes Sahiwal and Red Sindhi breeds.