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Agriculture > Forage Crops

Crop Management

Crops

Tree Fodder

Leucaena leucocephala (Subabul)

It is native to Central and South America. Plant can be grazed directly and is quite resistant to heavy frequent defoliation. It is a high protein fodder. Due to the presence of mimosin, quantity fed should not exceed 1/4 of total dry matter fed.

subabul Leucaena leucocephala (Subabul)
(Source: FAO)

Sesbania sp. (Agathi)

Commonly grown in Tamil Nadu, give yield upto 100 MT/ha/yr. Leaves are used for human consumption also.

Sesbania sp (Agathi)

Glyricidia maculata (Seemakonna)

Maculata species is the one used for animal feeding. Can yield upto 150-250 kg/tree a year when the tree is 3 years old.

Glyricidia  (Seemakonna)

Desmanthus sp. (shrub)

Soft leafed, it can be used as mixed crop with hybrid napier.

Desmanthus (shrub)

(Source: FAO)

The general habit, yield, other characters, etc. of forage grasses, legumes and cereals suitable for Kerala conditions

Name Common Seed rate
Kg/ha
Rainfall
(mm)
Soil
Preference
Season Fertilizer Yield
TDM/ha
Green
Tons/ha
Andropogon gayanus Gamba
6-8
500
Laterite/clay
May-August
P/K 40:40 N-30 after each cut
12-16
60-80
Brachiaria decumbens Signal grass
8-10
1000
Versatile
-do-
-do-
16-20
80-100
Brachiaria mutica Para grass
By slips 40,000/ha
1250
Versatile, good on heavy types
-do-
-do-
12-16
60-80
Brachiaria ruziziensis Congo signal
8-10
1500
Versatile
-do-
-do-
18-20
90-100
Cenchrus ciliaris Buffel
3-4
300
Light medium textured
-do-
N-60 after each cut
12-14
60-70
Melinis minutiflora Molasses
4-6
1000
Versatile
-do-
10-12
50-60
Panicum maximum Guinea
4-7
750
Versatile
-do-
16-18
80-90
Pennisetum typhoides X P. purpureum Hybrid Napier
40,000 cuttings
750
Versatile
-do-
35-40
200-250
Setaria anceps Setaria
3-5
750
Versatile
-do-
16-20
80-100
Calapagonium muconoides Calapo
3-5
1200
Versatile
May-July
60kgP 40kgK
4-5
20-25
Centrosema pubescens Centro
3-5
1200
Versatile
-do-
60kgP 40kgK
5-6
25-30
Desmodium intortum Desmodium
3-5
900
Versatile
-do-
60kgP
5-6
25-30
Desmodium uncinatum Desmodium
3-5
900
Versatile
-do-
60kgP 40kgK
5-6
25-30
Lab lab purpureus Lablab
20-25
600
Versatile
Aug 1st week
PK 60:30
7-8
35-40
Macroptilium atropurpureum Siratro
3-5
600
Versatile
May
PK 60:30
4-5
20-25
Macroptilium lathyroydes Phasey bean
3-5
750
Versatile
August
PK 60:30
7-8
35-40
Stylosanthes guianensis Stylo
7-8
800
Versatile
May
60:30
7-8
35-40
Stylosanthes hamata Caribban
7-8
600
Well drained
May
60:30
9-10
45-50
Stylosanthes sceabra Schrubby stylo
7-8
450
Versatile
May
60:30
9-10
45-200
Vigna sinensis Cowpea
25-30
1000
Versatile
May
60-40
5-6
25-30
Zea mays Maize
25-30
3000
Versatile
May
30:60:40
9-10
45-50
Euchloena mexicana Teosinte
20-25
3000
Versatile
May
30:60:40
7-8
35-40
Leucaena leucocethala Subabul
4-5
500
Versatile
May
PK 60:40
8-10
40-50

(Source: Kerala Agricultural University)

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