Among the various livestock species, piggery is most potential source of meat production
and more efficient feed converters after the broiler. Apart from providing meat,
it is also a source of bristles and manure. Pig farming will provide employment
opportunities to seasonally employed rural farmers and supplementary income to improve
their living standards.
The advantages of the pig farming are
Scope for Pig Farming
and its contribution to National Economy
The pig population of the country is 13.291 million as per the 1997 livestock census
and 13.519 million as per 2003 census from states and constitutes around 1.30% of
the total world's population. The state wise pig population is given below. The
pork production stands at 4.97 lakh tonnes (2005). During 2001-02 the production
of pork and pork products were estimated to be 6,12,550 MT with 3.03% growth rate
in last decade. It comprised over 38% of the total world meat product. Indian share
in piggery meat production moderately increased from 0.53% in 1981 to 0.63 in 2002.
The contribution of pork products in terms of value works out to 0.80% of total
livestock products and 4.32% of the meat and meat products.
State wise pig population in India during 1997
and 2003, in thousands
The pig farming constitutes the livelihood of rural poor belonging to the lowest
socio-economic strata and they have no means to undertake scientific pig farming
with improved foundation stock, proper housing, feeding and management. Therefore,
suitable schemes to popularise the scientific pig breeding cum rearing of meat producing
animals with adequate financial provisions are necessary to modernise the Indian
pig industry and to improve the productivity of small sized rural pig farms.